What Are the Best Methods for Teaching Emotional Intelligence in Schools?

In the contemporary educational landscape, emotional intelligence plays a pivotal role in shaping the overall development of students and is gradually earning recognition for its necessity in the school curriculum. Emotional intelligence, broadly defined, refers to the ability to understand, manage and use one’s emotions in a positive manner to relieve stress, communicate effectively, empathize with others, and overcome challenges.

For students, acquiring emotional intelligence skills can significantly enhance not only their learning experience but also their social interactions and personal growth. This article aims to provide an in-depth exploration of various methods that can be employed by schools to teach emotional intelligence effectively.

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Emotional Intelligence and its Importance in Schools

Understanding the importance of emotional intelligence in schools sets the groundwork for implementing strategies to cultivate it among the students. Emotional intelligence serves as the foundation for a host of critical skills that children need to develop, such as resilience, empathy, and active listening.

When children are taught to recognize and handle their emotions well, they become more capable of handling stress, developing positive relationships, and making responsible decisions. Moreover, students with high emotional intelligence tend to have better academic performance, improved classroom behavior, and enhanced leadership skills.

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Awareness of their own and others’ feelings can also make students more empathetic and understanding, fostering a more inclusive and supportive classroom environment.

Incorporating Emotional Intelligence into Classroom Instruction

Teaching emotional intelligence should not be viewed as an add-on or supplementary part of the school curriculum. Instead, it should be integrated into everyday classroom instruction. There are various ways teachers can infuse lessons with elements of emotional intelligence.

One such method is through discussion. During or after a lesson, teachers can facilitate discussions about how students feel about what they’re learning. Questions like, "how did this make you feel?" or "how do you think this person felt?" can encourage students to connect their emotions with their learning.

Another effective method is through modeling. Teachers can regularly demonstrate emotional intelligence by identifying and expressing their own feelings, using effective coping strategies, and showing empathy towards students.

Practical Activities to Enhance Emotional Intelligence

Besides the integration of emotional intelligence in daily class instruction, specific activities designed to enhance students’ emotional skills can also be beneficial. Such activities can make learning about emotions more engaging and relatable for the students.

One popular activity is the ’emotion wheel’. Students are given a wheel divided into sections, each depicting a different emotion. Throughout the day, students can rotate the wheel to indicate their current emotion, promoting self-awareness of their feelings.

Role-playing exercises are another powerful tool for building emotional intelligence. Students can be given various scenarios and asked to react using appropriate emotional responses. This helps them understand the range of emotions they might experience in different situations and how to manage them effectively.

Incorporating Emotional Intelligence into School Policies

Emotional intelligence should not be confined to the classroom but should be a part of overall school policies and culture. School-wide programs should be instituted that focus on developing emotional intelligence as a critical life skill.

These programs can include professional development for teachers on emotional intelligence, workshops for parents to understand and support their children’s emotional development, and regular sessions for students to learn about and practice key emotional skills.

Working with Parents and the Community

The development of emotional intelligence is not solely the responsibility of schools. Parents and the broader community play a significant role in reinforcing the lessons learned at school.

Schools can work with parents by providing them with resources and tools to support emotional learning at home. Similarly, partnerships with community organizations can provide students with practical opportunities to apply their emotional skills in real-world settings.

In conclusion, teaching emotional intelligence in schools is a comprehensive effort that requires the involvement of teachers, parents, and the community. By integrating emotional learning into everyday instruction, providing engaging activities, establishing supportive school policies, and collaborating with parents and the community, schools can equip students with the valuable skill of emotional intelligence, setting them up for success in school and beyond.

Emotional Intelligence and Social Skills Development

In today’s increasingly interconnected world, the development of social skills is crucial for students. Schools play a significant role in fostering these skills and emotional intelligence education plays a foundational role in this process. Interpersonal skills, problem-solving abilities, and effective communication are often underpinned by a solid understanding and management of emotions.

Emotionally intelligent students can navigate social situations with ease, recognizing not just their own emotions but also those of others. This emotional awareness is key in developing empathy, understanding, and respect towards others. Activities such as group work or peer mentoring provide opportunities for students to practice these skills in a safe, structured environment.

For instance, a teacher might divide a class into groups and present each one with a problem-solving task. This not only encourages collaborative working but also allows students to practice emotional intelligence. They must understand and manage their own emotions, as well as effectively communicate with and understand their peers, in order to successfully complete the task.

It is important for schools to recognize the significance of emotional intelligence in the development of social skills and to incorporate emotional learning into the curriculum in a meaningful and practical way.

Emotional Intelligence and Active Listening

Active listening is another essential skill that is directly linked to emotional intelligence. This skill involves fully focusing, understanding, responding, and then remembering what is being said. It is a cornerstone of effective communication and, like many other social skills, it is underpinned by emotional intelligence.

Teaching emotional intelligence in the classroom helps students develop active listening skills. By understanding their own emotions and those of others, students can become better listeners. They become more empathetic and understanding, which in turn makes them more attentive and responsive to the needs and feelings of those who are speaking to them.

One practical way of teaching active listening in the classroom is through the use of a ‘mood meter’. This tool helps students identify and articulate their feelings, promoting emotional awareness and understanding. Teachers can use the mood meter during discussions, asking students to identify their emotions before, during, and after the conversation. This not only fosters emotional intelligence but also encourages active listening, as students must pay close attention to their own emotions and those of their peers.

In conclusion, emotional intelligence is not just about managing emotions but also about using emotions in a constructive way to develop critical social skills such as active listening. Schools that prioritize emotional intelligence education are investing in their students’ future interpersonal success.


In the fast-paced and increasingly interconnected world of the 21st century, teaching emotional intelligence in schools is more important than ever before. It is not just about managing emotions, but also understanding and using them effectively for personal growth, academic success, and social interaction.

Schools have a pivotal role to play in fostering emotional intelligence among students. By incorporating emotional learning into everyday classroom instruction, providing practical activities for students to engage with their emotions, and establishing school-wide programs and policies focused on emotional intelligence, schools can nurture emotionally intelligent individuals.

Moreover, collaboration with parents and the wider community can reinforce the emotional intelligence skills that students develop at school, ensuring that emotional learning extends beyond the classroom walls.

Through comprehensive and sustained efforts, schools can equip students with the essential skill of emotional intelligence, preparing them for a successful future in whatever path they choose to pursue.

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