The Nordic Breed Group is a name used by kennel clubs in order to classify a defined collection of dog breeds. These are usually dogs of the primary type of the Arctic and other northern parts of the world. Altogether, Nordic European countries have 29 native breeds, and the one shared by of all of them is the Samoyed.
Hunting was a Nordic tradition, so it comes as no surprise that 19 of the 29 Nordic breeds of European countries are actually hunting breeds. Another thing to keep in mind is that most of the Nordic breeds are recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale). However, the Nordic Kennel Club recognizes all of them.
The Samoyeds, also known as the smiling sled dogs, were bred for hard work in the world’s coldest areas. The breed’s famous white and tick coat protects against very low temperatures and harsh conditions.
The dogs are drop-dead gorgeous, but highly functional as well. They are powerful, agile, tireless and can sustain extreme cold. Their most delightful feature, the famous and perpetual smile, actually has a practical function: the mouth’s upturned corners keep them from drooling, thus preventing icicles from forming.
Dogs of this breed are large and strong and they originate from – you guessed it – Newfoundland. Originally bred and selected for hard work, they used to pull nets for fishermen and haul wood from the forest. A Newfoundland is a capable and hardworking dog, which can perform tasks both on land and on water.
Despite its purpose, the Newfoundland is a very gentle dog who loves children. He’s naturally friendly and protective, and some even say he’s born a babysitter. Newfies, as the breed is sometimes called, shares its originating place with the popular Labrador Retriever.
The Newfoundland is a giant breed (weighing around 100 pounds). Though calm and relatively placid, it still needs daily exercise in order to keep fit.
Besides the thick fur and a relatively constant drooling which might pose an inconvenience when it comes to cleaning the house, Newfies are straight A students when it comes to training.
This impressive looking dog has deep eyes and a large head, accentuated by a mane of hair which makes him look like a lion. The breed’s most memorable physical feature may be his blue-black tongue.
Although he might look aggressive, a well-trained Chow Chow is a balanced and fiercely loyal dog. It’s said that the Chow Chow combines the nobility of a lion, the appeal of a teddy bear, the grace and independence of a cat, and the loyalty and devotion of a dog.
It’s better for this highly territorial and protective dog to have many positive encounters with strangers during his puppyhood in order to later be sociable.